Did Neuralink get approved for human trials

Did Neuralink get approved for human trials
Did Neuralink get approved for human trials

Exciting news has emerged from the world of neuroscience as Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk Did Neuralink get approved for human trials announced plans to begin human trials of his brain-machine interface company, Neuralink, in just six months. This development is a significant milestone in neuroscience and has the potential to revolutionize the way we interact with technology. Neuralink’s revolutionary technology aims to merge human brains with artificial intelligence, creating a seamless interface between the two. Musk has previously stated that Neuralink’s ultimate goal is to allow humans to communicate directly with computers and other forms of technology. The technology could treat neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, and potentially enable humans to control computers, smartphones, and other devices using their thoughts alone.

The announcement of the human trials comes after years of research and development by Musk and his team of scientists. The company has made significant strides in developing a wireless implant that can communicate directly with the brain, allowing for the seamless integration of technology and human biology.

The human trials will involve testing the safety and efficacy of the wireless implant in a small group of volunteers. The trials will be conducted with leading hospitals and research institutions, including the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).

Neuralink’s wireless implant is designed to be minimally invasive, requiring only a tiny incision in the scalp to implant the device. The implant can then interface with the brain’s neurons, allowing seamless data transmission between the brain and external devices. While the technology is still in its early stages, Musk has expressed confidence in its potential to revolutionize the way we interact with technology. He previously stated that the technology could eventually create a symbiotic relationship between humans and machines, allowing for unprecedented intelligence and connectivity. However, as with all new technologies, there are concerns about the potential risks and ethical implications of Neuralink’s brain-machine interface. Critics have raised concerns about privacy, security, and the potential for misuse of the technology. Musk has acknowledged these concerns, stating that the company is committed to ensuring the technology is safe, secure, and ethical. He has also emphasized the importance of transparency and open communication with the public about technology development.

Elon Musk: Who Is He?

Musk is a South African-born American businessman who is most known for being a co-founder of PayPal, the instigator of SpaceX, one of Tesla’s most influential investors, and the current CEO. Musk is the child of a Canadian mother and a South African father. At 12, he developed the video game “Blastar,” which he later sold to PC and Office Technology. He left South Africa in 1998 in search of more economic prospects in the United States because he did not want to complete mandatory military duty. Before enrolling at the University of Pennsylvania in 1992, Musk attended Queen’s University in Canada. In 1997, he earned bachelor’s degrees in both physics and economics. He enrolled at Stanford University to start graduate school but soon dropped out. Instead, he concentrated on using the Internet to learn more about technology.


Along with Max Hodak and Paul Merolla, Musk co-founded Neuralink, a company that creates ultra-high bandwidth brain-machine interfaces to link the human brain to computers. Its slogan is “Breakthrough Technology for the Brain.” It tries to comprehend the human brain, communicate with it, and design tools for it. Since its beginnings in 2016, Neuralink has been creating brain implants. Musk’s startup must still receive Food and Drug Administration (FDA) certification. Thus, Synchron beat it to implant its first device into a patient’s brain in the United States in July 2022. Recent work from Neuralink is displayed in this video.  Elon Musk asserts that his brain chip company, Neuralink, plans to begin human clinical trials for a wireless device in six months.

The business is working on brain chip interfaces that, according to its claims, might help disabled people move and speak once again. Neuralink, a company with offices in Austin, Texas, and the San Francisco Bay Area, has recently begun testing its products on animals while waiting for regulatory permission from the US to start human clinical trials. Musk said during a long-awaited public update on the device: “We want to be extremely careful and certain that it will work well before putting a device into a human, but we’ve submitted, I think, most of our paperwork to the FDA and probably in about six months we should be able to upload Neuralink in a human.” Musk cancelled the event just a few days before it was scheduled for October 31 without providing a reason.

More than a year ago, Neuralink showed a monkey with a brain chip using only its thoughts to play a computer game.

Musk is renowned for his ambitious plans to save mankind and colonize Mars. The same lofty goals are held for Neuralink, which he founded in 2016. He intends to create a chip enabling the brain to operate intricate electrical equipment, eventually restoring motor function to paralyzed persons and treating brain disorders, including Parkinson’s, dementia, and Alzheimer’s. He also discusses combining artificial intelligence with the brain.

  • However, Neuralink is going behind schedule. In a 2019 presentation, Musk stated that his goal was to win regulatory permission by the end of 2020. Then, in late 2021, he declared at a conference that he wanted to begin human trials this year.
  • Current and former workers claim that Neuralink must regularly meet internal deadlines to obtain US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) permission to begin human studies.
  • According to Reuters, Musk approached rival Synchron early this year about a prospective investment after complaining to Neuralink staff members about their sluggish development.
  • Synchron achieved a significant milestone by successfully implanting its device in a patient in the United States for the first time in July. In 2021, it got regulatory approval from the US for human trials, and investigations on four Australians have been completed.

The most intricate biological structure that has ever existed is thought to be the human brain. Researchers in the developing discipline of neuroscience have been making progress, despite science still having a lot to learn about the brain. Researchers in the field of neuroscience have made significant progress toward mapping the intricate processes that occur within the brain’s estimated 85 billion neurons and 100 trillion connections. (To put this astronomical quantity into perspective, the Milky Way galaxy contains upwards of 400 billion stars.)Did Neuralink get approved for human trials? 

Let’s introduce Neuralink, a Silicon Valley start-up with Elon Musk’s financial support that has created a brain-computer interface, a neuroprosthetic device. Musk predicts that this chip will be able to treat tinnitus, a neurological disorder that produces ringing in the ears, within five years. But is this even doable? In the future, Neuralink prostheses may benefit persons with a range of neurological conditions when there is a breakdown or connection between the brain and the body’s nerves. This includes those who have epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, paraplegia, or quadriplegia. In order to create the technology to cure these illnesses, Neuralink has been enlisting the best neuroscientists from academia and the larger research community since its founding in 2016.

The monkey from Neuralink can play Pong with his mind.

The business unveiled an impressive proof-of-concept video in April 2021. It demonstrated a nine-year-old macaque monkey named Pager effectively controlling a computer running Pong with his thoughts thanks to an implanted Neuralink device.

How does the Neuralink chip operate?

A person’s brain is surgically implanted with a tiny chip. It has several minuscule wires, each 20 times thinner than human hair. These cables, which penetrate the brain, include 1,024 electrodes to monitor brain activity and stimulate the brain electrically. The device can wirelessly communicate the registered data to computers, which researchers can utilize for more studies.

What will the Neuralink chip do?

According to the business, the chip can understand your thoughts and even enable you to communicate with computers without opening your lips. It is claimed that the chip can provide users power over commonplace products like computers and cell phones. The post’s issue is that, despite its length, Musk needs to explain how he intends to carry it through. There is a dotted line between the rather primitive methods of brain recording used now and what Urban refers to as a mental “wizard’s hat”.Did Neuralink get approved for human trials?

Others share Musk’s objectives. Facebook said last week that within two years, it would have a skullcap that can transfer phrases out of your head at 100 words per minute. This was part of the company’s bizarre attempt to garner attention. Facebook would use the limit to enable you to “share” your ideas. In Elon Musk’s vision, humans and artificial intelligence would combine thanks to a number of electrodes implanted into the brain. Consider the suggestions that Google displays while you are searching. Musk suggests that similar events should take place within your skull in real-time. It is impossible to claim that no technology in the future will be able to bring about these changes. However, based on what I know about brain implants, these accomplishments will be exceedingly challenging to achieve, and the time estimates are not only inaccurate—they are total nonsense.

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Dealing with Musk’s timeline comes first.

A medical device called a brain implant necessitates neurosurgery. A time-consuming, step-by-step set of tests, beginning with rats or monkeys, must demonstrate it. Here is a timeline taken from the actual world: In 1997 NeuroPace was founded to create an implant that regulates epileptic seizures. It detects the beginning of a seizure and shocks your brain to stop it. After 16 years, the gadget was authorized in 2013. And that was for a severe illness for which brain surgery was the usual treatment.

Implanting technology in healthy individuals? That would need solid safety proof. And that’s difficult to imagine since the moment you open someone’s skull, and you endanger their life. The sole instance of a healthy individual receiving a brain implant that we know at MIT Technology Review was a mad prank carried out in Central America by a scientist wanting to research himself. Life-threatening consequences resulted from it. Therefore, Musk’s timeline for mind-improving implants is implausible. Facebook is likely to be as well, although for different reasons. The device mentioned would be external to the skull, making obtaining precise brain readings more challenging. As it is feasible to examine cerebral activity by measuring how cells reflect light, the aim is to beam photons through the skull and watch what bounces back. In her presentation, Dugan referenced the work of Stanford professor Krishna Shenoy, a group member who broke the world record for brain typing this year with eight words per minute. However, they were only successful after ten years of work and after implanting electrodes in the brains of paralyzed volunteers.

“Most in the field would ask if non-invasive performance can even begin to approach the level of performance of implanted sensors—most would say no, and by a lot,” Shenoy adds in an email. So what exactly is Facebook discussing? How will they perform ten times better by wearing a hat with lights? “I don’t know,” Shenoy answers. Once more, it could be conceivable to allow individuals to think and type at the speed of speech correctly—but only with some significant developments that are unlikely to be complete in two years. Brain reading is an actual thing that happens in various situations. A monkey’s brain had one neuron that, when attached to a dial-in 1969 by scientist Eberhard Fetz, taught the animal how to move the dial and obtain food pellets. Since then, researchers have utilized implants inserted into the motor cortex to enable paralyzed individuals to control a robotic arm deftly and, like in Shenoy’s trials, a computer cursor. 

The neurons in your motor cortex activate when you think about moving your arm or leg, which is how these devices work. By chance, when you move, all of these neurons fire at once, but their relative speed carries vector information about your limbs. When you use electrodes to capture activity from a small number of neurons, you may begin to see a subject’s movements as they thought.  So, according to University of Pittsburgh researcher Andrew Schwartz, who assisted in discovering the motor patterns and has connected humans to robotic arms, don’t “diss all neurotech” and brain-reading. However, he adds that he needs to be made aware of the plans of Musk and other Silicon Valley leaders exploring the technology. Schwartz argues that it is wishful thinking on our part to assume that the assailants are aware of their objectives. I questioned numerous neuroscientists and businesspeople about Musk during the past several weeks. Because no technical specifics are accessible, the majority choose not to comment. I received some highly kind responses. Gregoire Courting, a neuroscientist at the EPFL in Geneva, is quoted below. His work on brain interfaces was one of the ten breakthrough technologies we highlighted this year (see “Reversing Paralysis”). I don’t know enough about his initiative to be able to provide an informed view, but I am thrilled that a creative intellect that pushes the boundaries of study and industry is investing in brain neural engineering. Many people thought that bringing neurotechnology out of the laboratory may require a great man’s resources and tenacity. Musk develops his edge by taking on challenges that are too challenging for more risk-averse businesspeople to take on, such as producing electric automobiles (Tesla) or launching rockets (SpaceX). In both instances, he adds that he is working toward a greater goal, such as preserving the earth from global warming or relocating mankind to a secondary planet. Because it is so sophisticated, brain-implant technology has progressed slowly and is mainly confined to academics. A method for recording brain activity, a small wireless chipset for transmitting the signals, algorithms to interpret the findings, and the medical expertise to actually carry it out are all required. Shaun Patel, a fellow in neurosurgery at Massachusetts General Hospital who studies brain-computer interfaces, asserts that it also depends on science. “Many different aspects are being executed. There isn’t just one issue. There are several issues. Patel expressed to me his enthusiasm for the prospect of human augmentation. Musk also accepts the most apparent fact: for Neural ink to develop telepathy, sickness must be identified and treated. “Show a remedy for a medical issue. For everyone, it will be a crucial first step, according to Patel. However, it also enables the development of fundamental technologies, such as batteries, and the numerous other components required before it is even possible to envision the futuristic concept of downloading a new talent to your brain, such as becoming a black belt in karate. As a footing, it is.

Some signs suggest that Musk is choosing an excellent moment to invest. The Utah array, a thumbtack-sized silicon chip, is the most popular brain implant and has been in use for 20 years. However, there has been a recent explosion of discoveries and brain-measuring methods, including optogenetics and plans for simultaneously recording many neurons in the brain. D.J. Seo, one of the Neuralink co-founders, previously worked at the University of California, Berkeley, on “neural dust”—thousands of microscopic silicon particles injected into the brain that could collect and transfer data via acoustic vibrations.

Another argument supporting Musk’s plan is that a symbiotic relationship between brains and computers is authentic. Do you recall the individual who typed using brain signals? Or the folks with paralysis who control robotic arms? When the computer completes users’ thoughts, these systems operate more effectively. The machine will handle the remainder when the subject types “bulls…” A robotic arm is intelligent in a similar way. You only need to teach it to move; it already knows how. Therefore, even incomplete signals that leave the brain can be changed into more complete ones. Musk proposes that an AI may work invisibly with human brains to complete our thoughts. To visualize this, think of a thought-completion tool. Therefore, it is not irrational to think that some highly intriguing brain-computer connections may exist in the future. But to what Elon Musk would have you think, that future is less imminent. One factor is the difficulty of opening a person’s skull. Another is that much of the technology needed to securely record from more than 100 neurons at once—such as neural dust, neural lace, and optical arrays that thread through blood vessels—is still in the design stage.

The Neuralink Implantation Process’s Cutting-Edge Technology: Accuracy and Safety

The brain chip from Neuralink must be implanted with extreme care and accuracy. The “Link,” a gadget, is inserted utilizing cutting-edge robotic technology, assuring little patient risk and invasiveness. High-resolution brain mapping is used to direct the operation and ensure precise electrode placement painstakingly.Did Neuralink get approved for human trials?

The Exceptionally Flexible Electrodes of Neuralink

The unique flexibility of Neuralink’s electrodes, created to move and adapt to the brain’s natural neuronal connections, makes them stand out. Neuralink’s flexible threads offer endurance and continuous performance, unlike conventional rigid electrodes that might harm the tissue and deteriorate over time, guaranteeing longevity and dependability in human-machine interfaces.

Addressing Ethics-Related Issues

Neuralink poses ethical issues, much like any other transformational technology. Brain-computer interface privacy, security, and possible abuse must be fully considered. To avoid possible problems responsibly, Neural ink has addressed these worries and is dedicated to upholding transparency and working with regulatory organizations.

Restoring Hearing and Vision

The goals of Neuralink go beyond improving cognition and using it for medical purposes. The brain-computer interface can help people with sensory impairments regain sight and hearing. Neuralink may herald a new sensory restoration age by deciphering visual and auditory inputs and activating the associated brain areas.

combining AI and humans

Regarding Neural ink’s potential to combine human intellect with artificial intelligence, Elon Musk has been outspoken. Human intellect and AI skills must work together effectively to realize this goal. Although this idea causes excitement and apprehension, it still serves as a powerful illustration of the potential significance of Neuralink for humankind’s future.


Finally, Neuralink is a paradigm-shifting advancement in neuroscience and human-computer interaction. Did Neuralink get approved for human trials? This ground-breaking brain chip offers possibilities by bridging the gap between brains and technology, from treating neurological illnesses to enhancing human intellect. Although Neuralink holds a lot of potential, ethical issues must be carefully addressed. We anxiously anticipate the day when the fantasies of Neuralink become a fantastic reality, altering the future of mankind as Elon Musk and his colleagues continue to push the frontiers of invention.the announcement of Neuralink’s human trials is a significant milestone in neuroscience. Technology has the potential to revolutionize how we interact with technology and could significantly impact the treatment of neurological disorders. While there are concerns about the technology’s potential risks and ethical implications, Musk and his team are committed to ensuring the technology is safe, secure, and ethical. With the support of leading hospitals and research institutions, Neuralink is poised to make significant strides in the field of brain-machine interfaces, and we can look forward to seeing the results of the human trials in the coming months.